How To Overcome Corona Virus

The spread of the new corona virus around the world may make you worry about the respiratory tract you experience as a COVID-19 disease. While you are more likely to have a common respiratory infection like the flu or a cold, it’s a good idea to take it seriously and call your doctor just in case. If you are sick, your doctor will help give you the care you need.

Recognizing the Symptoms

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Beware of dry cough or phlegm. Although COVID-19 is a respiratory infection, its symptoms are not the same as a common cold or flu. Cough is a common symptom of COVID-19, it can be with or without phlegm. Call your doctor if you have a cough and suspect you have COVID-19.

You are more likely to be infected with COVID-19 if there is community transmission in the area, you have been in contact with someone who may be infected, or have traveled to a place with a high rate of community transmission.

Cover your mouth with a tissue or elbow to prevent other people from catching the infection. You can also wear a surgical mask to catch any splashes that could infect other people.

During illness, stay away from people who are at high risk of infection and complications, such as seniors 65 years of age or older, infants, children, pregnant women, and those taking immune system-suppressing drugs.

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Take your temperature to see if you have a fever. This new corona virus generally causes fever. Use a thermometer to take your temperature, noting if it reaches 38 degrees C or more which means you have a fever. Call your doctor if you have a fever to find out the cause and in addition to seeking medical attention, stay home.

During a fever, you are more likely to transmit any illness you have. Protect others by staying at home.

Remember that fever is a symptom of many illnesses. So, a fever does not necessarily mean that you are infected with the corona virus.

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See a doctor immediately if you have shortness of breath. The final symptom of this new corona virus is shortness of breath. Since breathing problems are always serious, visit your doctor or emergency room immediately to get the treatment you need. You may have a serious illness, whether it’s the coronavirus or not.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), this new coronavirus can trigger serious complications, such as pneumonia. Immediately see a doctor if you experience breathing problems just in case.

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Pay attention to the symptoms of COVID-19 that rarely appear. Although fever, cough, and fatigue are the most common symptoms, some people also experience other symptoms. Sore throat, headache, loss of smell and taste, body aches, diarrhea, conjunctivitis (pink eyes), skin rash, or discoloration of your toes and fingers can all be signs that you have COVID-19. Chills, runny nose, stuffy nose, and vomiting are also symptoms of this virus.

Your concern is natural, but try to remember that the chances of you contracting the corona virus are actually quite small if you do not experience symptoms of fever, cough, and shortness of breath.

Seeking Medical Help

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Call your doctor immediately if you suspect you have a corona virus infection. If you suspect that you are sick, take your symptoms seriously because the corona virus infection is potentially deadly. Call your doctor and ask if you need to get tested for the coronavirus. Tell your symptoms and recent travel history, as well as whether you have come across anyone who may be sick or in contact with an infected animal. Follow your doctor’s advice, whether it’s going to a hospital check-up or staying at home and monitoring your symptoms on your own.

Tell the medical staff that you suspect you have the coronavirus before coming to the hospital. That way, they can take steps to prevent transmission of the disease to other patients.

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Let the doctor check for the corona virus. If your doctor suspects that you are infected with the coronavirus, they will most likely quarantine you at a referral hospital while undergoing an examination. After that, the doctor will contact the Ministry of Health. The doctor or health worker will take a swab or blood sample to check for the corona virus.

You may be allowed to self-quarantine at home, depending on the situation at hand. However, chances are high that you will be isolated to prevent the spread of this virus to others.

Specimen examination may not be possible directly in the hospital and your specimen must be sent to a specialized laboratory.

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Self-quarantine if you develop symptoms or test positive for COVID-19. If you feel unwell or suspect that you have COVID-19, self-quarantine at home unless you have severe symptoms that require hospitalization. Ask your doctor for self-care instructions and try to prevent spreading the disease to others.

Inform your doctor about the progress of your symptoms. Your doctor can prescribe certain medications and recommend that you be hospitalized if necessary.

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Seek emergency medical attention if you develop serious symptoms. Although some cases are mild, COVID-19 can also cause severe respiratory symptoms such as difficulty breathing. Even if it is not related to COVID-19, difficulty breathing is an emergency. Go to the emergency room or call an ambulance if you or someone you know has any of the following symptoms:

Difficulty breathing or heavy shortness of breath

Blue lips and face

Pain or pressure in the chest

Confusion or difficulty responding.

Get treatment in hospital if necessary. There are some specific treatments for COVID-19 that are only available to inpatients in hospitals. Generally, you will be advised to undergo COVID-19 treatment in a hospital if you have an immune deficiency, or if you have severe symptoms. Specific treatments available for COVID-19 include (June 2021):

Monoclonal antibodies (which may also be given to COVID-19 outpatients at lower doses) to prevent the worsening of COVID-19

Antiviral medicine (Remdesivir) to slow down the virus and prevent it from spreading to other parts of the body

Convalescent plasma (containing antibodies from recovered patients) can help the body’s immune system respond to the virus more effectively. However, based on current guidelines, there is not enough evidence to recommend this treatment.

Caring for Yourself During Sick

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Stay at home until your doctor says you are free of infection. Staying at home will prevent transmitting the infection to others. Meanwhile, getting plenty of rest is essential to help the body fight infection and recover. As long as you are infected, stay home, don’t go to work or school and avoid strenuous activities at home. Try to sleep as much as possible.

Ask your doctor when you can go about your normal activities. Your doctor may advise you to wait 10 days or more after your symptoms have subsided. }}

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Use over-the-counter medications to relieve pain and fever. If you experience symptoms such as body aches, headaches, or fever, you can relieve them with medications such as paracetamol (Panadol, Sanmol), ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), or naproxen (Aleve). If you are over 18, you can also take aspirin to relieve pain and fever.

Never give aspirin to children or adolescents under 18 years of age because it has the potential to cause a fatal condition called Reye’s syndrome.

Always follow the dosage instructions on the medicine package, or follow the directions of your doctor or pharmacist. Before using any medication, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

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Use a humidifier to relieve coughs. A humidifier can help clear the throat, lungs, and airways. Place a humidifier next to your bed at night and in a place where you frequently rest during the day.

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Taking a hot shower or sitting in the bathroom with the hot water tap on can also relieve symptoms and loosen mucus in the lungs and sinus passages.

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Drink lots of fluids. You are easily dehydrated during illness. While recovering from the coronavirus, continue to drink water, fruit juices, or other fluids to fight dehydration and clear airway obstructions.

Warm liquids, such as broth, tea, or warm water with lemon, can be a great relief when you have a cough or sore throat.

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Self-isolate until the doctor lets you out of the house. To prevent the spread of the virus, you must stay at home until you no longer transmit the virus to others. Your doctor will tell you when you can return to your normal activities. Check with your doctor before leaving the house, even if you feel better.

The doctor may re-check whether there is still corona virus in your body.

If a coronavirus test is not available, your doctor may let you out of the house after showing no symptoms for at least 72 hours.

Preventing COVID-19 Infection

Get vaccinated. If it’s available to you, join the COVID-19 vaccination program. Several types of vaccines have been approved for emergency use in Indonesia and around the world. The COVID-19 vaccination in Indonesia is divided into 4 stages, taking into account the availability and time of arrival of the vaccine. In general, health workers, public service workers, and elderly people who are at higher risk will get the vaccine first.

Some of the vaccines that have been approved for emergency use in Indonesia are those made by Sinovac, AstraZeneca, Sinopharm, Moderna, and Pfizer.

Most likely, you will not be able to choose what vaccine you will receive and when you will receive the vaccine because its availability is still limited. However, the use of the vaccine has shown good protection against COVID-19 infection in trials and greatly reduces the chances of you developing severe symptoms and being hospitalized.

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Stay at home as much as possible if you haven’t been vaccinated. You’ve probably heard the terms “keep your distance” or ” social distancing “, which means limiting contact with other people. This action can help prevent transmission of the corona virus in the community. So make sure to only get out of the house if there’s something you really need to do, like grocery shopping or work. In the meantime, try to work or study from home as much as possible until you are vaccinated.

In family or social gatherings with those who have not been vaccinated, limit guests to a maximum of 10 people or less and maintain a distance of about 1.5-2 meters from other people.

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Wear a mask and keep a distance of about 1.5-2 meters from other people in public if you have not been vaccinated. If you have to go to the convenience store, work, or do anything else outside your home, protect yourself and others by wearing a mask. Wear a mask that fits snugly over your nose, mouth and chin. Also, try as much as possible to keep a distance of about 1.5-2 meters from anyone who doesn’t live with you. If you’ve been fully vaccinated, on the other hand, you don’t need to wear a mask or observe social distancing when out in public.

The US CDC recommends wearing masks indoors and in areas of high transmission for people who have been vaccinated.

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Wash hands regularly with warm water and soap. Washing your hands is one of the best ways to prevent the spread of the coronavirus and other diseases. Use warm water and soap frequently throughout the day to clean your hands, especially after touching surfaces that you pass frequently (such as doorknobs in public restrooms or handrails on trains and buses) as well as potentially infected animals and people. Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds and make sure to clean between your fingers as well.

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To make sure you wash your hands long enough, try singing “Happy Birthday” while you’re at it.

Use hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.

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Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Respiratory viruses such as the corona virus can enter the body through the mucous membranes in the eyes, nose and mouth. You can protect yourself by keeping your hands away from your face, especially before washing them properly.

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Wash and clean all objects and surfaces touched by sick people from germs. If you or someone in your household gets sick from the coronavirus, prevent it from spreading by cleaning anything that it came into contact with. Use a solution of 1 cup (250 ml) of bleach in 4 liters of warm water or a disinfectant spray for cleaning. Make sure the surface is wet for about 10 minutes for the disinfectant to work effectively.

If there is a family member in the house who is sick, immediately clean the dishes or eating utensils with hot water and soap. Also, clean contaminated sheets and pillowcases with hot water.

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Avoid contact with people who are sick. Corona virus is transmitted through the splash of an infected person. You can easily inhale these droplets when an infected person coughs. If you notice someone coughing or tell you they are sick, try to stay away from them. In addition, try to avoid the following ways of transmission:

Close contact with an infected person such as hugging, kissing, shaking hands, or being in close proximity to them for a long time (eg sitting next to each other on a bus or plane).

Sharing cups, eating utensils, or personal items with an infected person.

Touching the eyes, nose, or mouth after touching an infected person.

Contact with infected stool (eg when you change a diaper on an infected infant or toddler).

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Cover your mouth every time you cough and sneeze if you are infected. People infected with the corona virus can transmit the disease through coughing and sneezing. If you are infected with this virus, you can prevent others from contracting it by covering your mouth and nose with a tissue, handkerchief, or mask when coughing and sneezing.

Throw away the used tissue immediately and wash your hands with soap and water.

If you suddenly cough or sneeze, or if you don’t have a tissue, cover your mouth and nose with the crook of your elbow, not the palm of your hand. That way, you can minimize the spread of the virus when you touch objects.

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Keep clean around the animal. Even though it’s unlikely, it’s still possible for animals to transmit the coronavirus to humans. In addition, there have also been several cases of animals contracting the virus from humans. So, if you come into contact with any animal, including pets, make sure to always wash your hands thoroughly.

Avoid contact with animals that appear sick.

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Cook raw meat according to food safety standards. As of June 2021, there is no evidence to suggest that COVID-19 can be transmitted from touching or eating food. However, you can catch other infections from contaminated or improperly cooked food, especially meat and animal products.

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Pay attention to travel warnings if you plan to visit another country. If you plan to travel to another country, first visit the RI travel site to find out if there is a dangerous corona virus active in the area you will be visiting. You can also visit the CDC or WHO websites for this information. This site can provide personal protection advice while you are traveling.

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